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Inactivated Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccine

Generic Name: 

Inactivated Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccine

Description:

Foot-and-mouth disease is the most contagious animal disease and can cause severe losses in susceptible cloven-hoofed animals. There are seven serotypes of FMD virus: O, A, C, SAT1, SAT2, SAT3 and Asia 1. Infection with one serotype does not confer immunity to another serotype. A typical case of foot-and-mouth disease is characterized by a follicular condition of the feet, buccal mucosa, and female mammary glands. Clinical manifestations range from mild to severe and can be fatal, especially in young animals. Although all of the above FMD serotypes cause identical clinical symptoms, immunity to FMD is serotype-specific. Therefore, vaccination against all serotypes present in the community is indicated for protection.

Although all of the above FMD serotypes cause identical clinical symptoms, immunity to FMD is serotype-specific. Therefore, vaccination against all serotypes present in the community is indicated for protection.

Foot-and-mouth disease is highly contagious because infected animals shed large amounts of the virus. Viral particles can also survive in the environment and be carried by recovered animals (up to 3 years in the case of cattle).

Composition:

Foot and Mouth Disease vaccine preparation containing chemicallyb inactivated, tissue culture derived FMD virus strains. We produce strains A, O, C, SAT1 and SAT 2. The usual blend of FOTIVAXTM contains FMD strains A, O, SAT1 and SAT2 which have been adjuvanted with Aluminium hydroxide gel and saponin. Other components of the final blend include antifoam, phenol red dye, lactalbumin hydrolysate, tryptose phosphate broth, antibiotics, amino acids, vitamins and buffer salts.

Indications:

Immunization of healthy cows, pigs, sheep and goats Control of FMD caused by serotypes A, O, SAT 1 and SAT2.

foot and mouth.jpg

Pharmaceutical Form:

Adjuvanted with Aluminium hydroxide gel

Dosage:

2ml dose is administered per animal.3mls per animal for cattle and 2mls per animal in pigs, sheep, and goats. 

Method of Administration:

Administered through a subcutaneous route.

Presentation:

50-, 100-, and 300-ml vials.

Vaccination Schedule:

Revaccination should be carried out every 6 months or for better protection every 4 months.

Contraindications:

For Veterinary use only. Do not use if seal is broken or package is damaged. Do not vaccinate un-healthy animals. All vaccines may occasionally cause anaphylactic reactions in some animals. If this occurs adrenaline should be administered.

Storage:

Store at +4°C (refrigerator). Do not freeze. When storing between +2°C +8°C (refrigerated) Shelf life is 1 year. When the vaccine bottle is completed, use up immediately after opening and dispose the leftovers.

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